Understanding How Exactly Turbofan Engines Work

Turbofan engines have revolutionized the world of aviation since their debut, setting new standards for performance, efficiency, and reliability. Serving as the heart of many modern commercial airliners and differing aircraft types, the turbofan engine presents a unique design and capability set that is beneficial for numerous operations. In this blog, we will delve into the intricate assembly of turbofan engines, exploring their components, working aspects, and how exactly they generate immense power.

In general, a turbofan engine is a type of jet engine that generates thrust by compressing air and expelling it at a high velocity. However, unlike a traditional jet engine which primarily relies on jet propulsion, a turbofan engine combines both jet propulsion and bypass air to achieve bolstered efficiency and lower noise levels. This makes it a preferred choice for commercial aviation.

Key Components

A typical turbofan engine comprises several essential components, each playing a crucial role in its operation. At the core lies the gas turbine assembly, which includes a compressor, combustion chamber, and turbine. The compressor compresses incoming air, while the combustion chamber ignites fuel, producing hot gasses. These gasses then flow through the turbine, which extracts energy to drive the compressor and other accessories.

Bypass Air

One of the distinctive features of a turbofan engine is the presence of a bypass duct. This duct redirects a portion of the incoming air around the gas turbine, allowing it to bypass the combustion chamber. The bypass air is then accelerated by a fan at the front of the engine, creating additional thrust. This bypass airflow contributes to the engine's efficiency, noise reduction, and increased propulsion.

Working Principle

The working principle of a turbofan engine can be summarized in a few key steps. First, air enters the engine through the fan at the front of the assembly. The fan, driven by the turbine, then accelerates the air and divides it into two streams: the bypass and core airflows. The bypass air flows around the engine core, while the core airflow continues into the compressor.

Compression and Combustion

Inside the compressor, air is further compressed to increase its pressure and temperature. The high-pressure air then enters the combustion chamber, where it mixes with fuel and ignites. The resulting combustion releases an enormous amount of energy, rapidly increasing the temperature and pressure of the gasses as exhaust is created.

Expansion and Thrust Generation

The hot exhaust gasses then flow through the turbine, where their energy is extracted to drive the compressor and other engine accessories. As the gasses expand within the turbine, their temperature and pressure decrease. Once this is done, exhaust exits the engine, generating a powerful jet of high-speed gas that creates thrust.

Efficiency and Advantages

A turbofan engine offers several advantages over a traditional piston or pure jet engine, making it a good choice for certain designs. The bypass air contributes to increased propulsive efficiency by providing additional thrust without consuming excessive fuel. This design allows turbofan engines to achieve higher fuel efficiency, reducing operating costs and minimizing environmental impact. Additionally, employing bypass air helps in reducing noise levels, making turbofan engines quieter compared to other engine types.


At ASAP Aviation Unlimited, we prioritize your convenience and satisfaction. With our user-friendly website, navigating through our extensive inventory is a breeze, allowing you to easily find and purchase the parts you need. Our streamlined purchasing process also ensures a seamless experience, saving you time and effort.

What sets us apart from competitors is our commitment to customer support. Our dedicated team members are available 24/7x365 to assist you with any inquiries or concerns you may have. Rest assured that when you choose ASAP Aviation Unlimited, you are partnering with an AS9120B, ISO 9001:2015, and FAA AC 00-56B accredited distributor. This demonstrates our unwavering commitment to maintaining the highest standards of quality and reliability in every aspect of our operations. Visit our website today to explore our vast inventory of turbofan engine parts, and enjoy a seamless purchasing process with the support of our dedicated team members available around-the-clock.


February 24, 2022

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